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INDG 103: Treaty Analysis

Resources to support research for the treaty analysis assignment.

Indigenous Peoples and Research: Key Words & Subject Terms Background

Use LibrarySearch to find books, videos, theses, government documents and other resources in the Library collection.

Different terms/keywords may be effective when searching for Indigenous topics, depending on:

  • time period of study
  • date of publication
  • country/region of study
  • whether the search is for general (e.g. Aboriginal) or specific information (e.g. Snuneymuxw).

The term "Indians of North America" was widely used by libraries in the first part of the twentieth century, and may be useful to retrieve information from that period.

In BC the term First Nations is frequently used in contemporary academic/educational environments. The Canadian government favours the terms Indigenous or Indigenous Peoples, which also includes Métis and Inuit.

In the United States the term Native Americans is quite commonly used, whereas in Canada the term Native Peoples gained popularity in the later twentieth century.

Your searches will be more productive if you are aware of these various search terms and make them work for you.


Searching for information "about" your treaty


Use quotation marks to hold a phrase together in the search results.


Use: "treaty one" instead of: treaty one

Consider treaty names and alternative names to develop an OR search statement composed of synonyms for the purpose of your search to retrieve broad search results. If you are not aware of alternative names or spellings, look in the provided article and in the initial list of search results. Group the similar terms together in brackets.


("treaty one" OR "treaty number one" OR "stone fort treaty")

("treaty no. 9" OR "james bay treaty" OR "treaty number nine")


Finding Sources

Search for context by treaty:


"treaty 8" negotiation

("treaty no. 9" OR "treaty 9" OR "james bay treaty") "indigenous perspectives"

 "treaty 6" "indigenous perspectives"

Additional Strategies

Long term viability of information ("link rot") is a consideration in evaluating web sources: how to determine credibility when linked evidence seems to have disappeared? This may happen when those who post or publish online information are inattentive to maintaining or preserving it.

Services that periodically capture and preserve Internet content, such as the Internet Archive (otherwise known as the Wayback Machine), can be helpful:

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