Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Management: Tools & Alternatives

What are my options for managing references? How do I choose?

There are many tools available to assist you with managing the references that you collect in the course of your research. Features may include:

  • formatting citations and reference lists according to different styles
  • allowing you to add your own annotations, tags, links.
  • integration with word processing applications
  • managing references for different projects in folders 
  • accounts or groups that allow you to collaborate with other researchers
  • uploading files and associating them with references in your database
  • exporting references for use in other tools

This guide is meant to assist in selecting a tool that serves your needs, and to offer links to help resources.

What are the alternatives? Which should I use?

Which you use depends on the features or functionality that you need. If you need only to generate quick citations, the “saved items” function of LibrarySearch may suit your needs. If you want to save citations for later use and organize them in folders, either Mendeley or Zotero support those purposes. Below is a Venn diagram that compares the two, and there are links to other comparisons below.

Adapted from York University Libraries' Zotero vs Mendeley Comparison as well as a comparison Venn diagram from University of British Columbia Libraries.

Comparison pages:

Zotero vs Mendeley Comparson - York University Libraries

Zotero vs Mendeley - HLWIKI

VIU Footer