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RMOT 191 & 192: Getting Started

VIU Library's Research Guide for Resource Management Officer Technology (RMOT) 191 & 192 courses

CSE Style Citation Examples - for Fisheries Technical Reports

Below is  a copy of the modified version of the CSE style guide provided by John Morgan, RMOT instructor. (Updated Sept. 2017)

Please use these examples to cite your references for any RMOT 191 & 192 research papers:


For the Technical Report courses RMOT 191 and 192, we will be following a modified version of the CSE (formerly CBE) Style Manual to cite references.  The CSE manual is available in the library and the main points are highlighted in this handout. Chapter 5 in Pechenik (2016) also has excellent information on citing sources and listing references in scientific reports.


In-Text Citations

When citing a reference in the body of the text, use the name-year system. Two authors in the same reference are separated by “and”, while more than two authors in the same reference are cited in the text using the last name of the first author followed by “et al”. Different references listed together are arranged chronologically. Some examples of different formats are given below:


Smith (1996) found that fish stocks were…


In a recent study of fish (Smith 1996)…


There have been several studies of fish (Jones 1995; Smith and Jones 1996; Gill et al. 1997).


In several studies it has been shown that fish stocks have been depleted (Smith 1996a, 1996b;

      Jones 1998; Gill 1999).


Historically, fish stocks were much higher (Smith 1885, cited in Jones 1992).



References are listed in alphabetical order in a section at the end of the report. Multiple references by the same first author are listed chronologically (oldest first). Only references that have been cited in the body of the report should be included in the reference section.



Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal name  Volume number (issue): pages.   Note: issue may be optional.


Smith JD, Jones DJ. 1996. The status of fish stocks in Canada. J Fish Biol 253 (2): 143-9.


Smith JD, Jones DJ, Gill FB. 1998. The salmon fishery in British Columbia. Can J Fish Aquat

      Sci 58 (3): 298-310.


Electronic-only journals (e.g., PLoS ONE):

Kitatani R, Yamada M, Kamio M, Nagai H. 2015. Length is associated with pain: jellyfish with
         painful sting have longer nematocyst tubules than harmless jellyfish. PLoS ONE 10(8):
         e0135015. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135015



Author(s) or Editor(s). Year. Book Title. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher. Number of pages in the book.


Smith JD, editor. 1996. An introduction to ichthyology. 3rd edition. New York: Academic Press. 500 p.



Chapters in Books

Author(s) of the chapter. Year. Chapter title. In: Editor(s). Book title. Place of Publication: Publisher. Pages of the chapter.

Smith JD, Jones DJ, Gill FB. 1994. Fish stocks in BC. In: Trotter SE, Wilson GO, editors.
        The status of world fish stocks. Toronto (ON): CRC Press. p 171-189. 


Technical Reports

Author(s) or Organization. Year. Title of report. Publisher or sponsoring organization: Place of Publication. Report or contract no. (if applicable). Total number of pages.


Government style:

Smith JD. 1994. Fish habitat assessment manual. BC Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks:
      Victoria, BC. Technical Report No. 5. 45 p. 


Consultant style:

Jones DJ. 1992. Coho salmon spawning assessment in the North Thompson River. Prepared
      for Fisheries and Oceans Canada by Jones Consulting Ltd.:  Kamloops, BC. Contract No. 1234.
      84 p.

Thesis (Masters or PhD Dissertation)

Author. Year. Title of thesis [type of thesis]. Place of institution: Institution granting the degree. Total number of pages.

Dignan A. 2015. Ecology of the Pacific lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus) in the Salish Sea
      [MSc thesis]. Nanaimo (BC): Vancouver Island University. 99p.


Author’s or organization name. document date if known. title of the web page.
URL address. Date the site was visited.

 Department of Fisheries and Oceans. 2012. Coho spawner escapements in BC from 1987-2007.
      <>  Accessed 8 Sep, 2012.

Personal Communications

Personal communications may include telephone conversations, interviews, e-mails and class lecture notes.  You should get permission from the person supplying the information before using their name in a report or article that will be published.

There are several different methods to cite personal communications, but most style manuals recommend that they be cited only in the text and do not appear in the reference list.  Personal communications should include the name of the person and the date contacted.


Coho stocks have been increasing in the Kamloops area according to the local fishery officer (JD Smith, pers. comm., Sep 23, 2012).


Coho stocks have been increasing in the Kamloops area (JD Smith, Fishery Officer, pers. comm., Sep 23, 2012).



Citation formatting examples

One author:

In text:                        Sandercock (1991) or (Sandercock 1991)


In References  (chapter in a book example) :

Sandercock FK. 1991. Life history of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). In: Groot C,
        Margolis L, editors. Pacific salmon life histories. Vancouver (BC): UBC Press. p 395-445.


Two authors:

In text:                        McPhail and Baxter (1996) or (McPhail and Baxter 1996)


In References (technical report example) :

McPhail JD, Baxter JS. 1996. A review of bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) life-history
       and habitat use in relation to compensation and improvement opportunities. BC Ministry
       of Environment, Lands, and Parks, Fisheries Branch: Vancouver, BC. Fisheries Management
       Report No. 104. 31p.


 More than two authors:

In text:                        Smith et al. (1997) or (Smith et al. 1997)


In References (journal article example) :

Smith JD, Jones DJ, Gill FB. 1997. The lake trout fishery in Ontario. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 54 (6):


In text:                        DFO (2013) or (DFO 2013)


In References:

Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). 2013. Coho salmon in BC.
       <>  Accessed 8 Sep, 2013. 



Abbreviations for journal names

 Journal name abbreviations can be found on-line at:


Abbreviations for some common fisheries journals and technical reports are given below

Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Can Tech Rep Fish Aquat Sci


Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Can MS Rep Fish Aquat Sci


Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Can J Fish Aquat Sci


Transaction of the American Fisheries Society

Trans Am Fish Soc


North American Journal of Fisheries Management

N Am J Fish Manage


Canadian Journal of Zoology

Can J Zool


Journal of Fish Biology

J Fish Biol


Fisheries Bulletin

Fish Bull


Writing reference

Citing References in the Sciences

The CSE Style Guide (Council of Science Editors), also called the Scientific Style and Format guide, is one of the main style guides used when citing resources in a research paper for many of the natural sciences.  (It was formerly called the CBE style or manual.)

Other Citation References

The complete CSE print guide is located in the VIU Library:

Scientific style and format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers. (Council of Science Editors), 2014, 8th edition.

Call Number   T 11 S386 2014  (Stacks – 4th floor)


The following links go to brief online guides for the CSE style (8th ed.):

Journal Title Abbreviations & Acronyms

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