Skip to Main Content

English 115: Intro to Library Research

Information-related learning outcomes for English 115 and beyond

  • Define nature and extent of the information needed
  • Access information effectively and efficiently
  • Evaluate information and its sources critically; Incorporate selected information into your knowledge base
  • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
  • Understand economic, legal, and social issues related to the use of information; access and use information ethically and legally

in support of VIU's Graduate Attributes.


idea >> express in words

bugs as food > edible insects > entomophagy

explore >> research question

what is it about bugs as food that interests me?

  • What are some advantages of eating insects? Are there downsides?
  • Why are insects not more popular as a source of food? Why do some people object to them, and how might objections be addressed?
  • ???

Key words & concepts? Consider:

bugs food farming
Broader... livestock health food production
Narrower... crickets protein breeding
Related... alternative protein nutrition sustainability


LibrarySearch & other databases:

  • look for limiters > e.g. content type = scholarly / peer review

Specialized databases may offer specialized limiters, for example:

  • Business Source Complete: Business Searching Interface > publication type = trade publication
  • PsycINFO > limiters include: population, audience, methodology (...more)

Field guide to articles

  Academic article Popular article Trade / Industry article
Author expert in subject / discipline
often affiliated with a university or research centre
often a journalist or staff writer often a staff writer or practitioner
Length lengthy (10-30 pages) usually short, up to 10 pages usually short, up to 10 pages
Audience for readers who work / study in the same discipline or field for general readership for practitioner / industry audience
Content specialized language / vocabulary
reports outcomes of original scholarship / research
topical or general content
may refer to other people's research
topical content
may refer to other people's research
may use technical language
Illustrations often includes data tables, graphs, charts
visual material elaborates what is discussed in the text
production quality may be high (glossy, white space)
often contains photos, ads
production quality may be high (glossy, white space)
often contains photos, ads
References yes, including in-text citations, or foot / endnotes, as well as reference list or bibliography no
may suggest further reading
may suggest further reading
Publisher often a university, or professional or scholarly association trade publishers, news & media companies industry associations
Distribution available by subscription or open access online, membership in scholarly societies often available at newsstands
popular subscriptions
available in all types of libraries
personal or organizational subscription, or by membership

Scholarly journal:

Food Security


Halloran, A., et al. "Regulating Edible Insects: The Challenge of Addressing Food Security, Nature Conservation, and the Erosion of Traditional Food Culture." Food Security, vol. 7, no. 3, 2015., pp. 739-746 doi:10.1007/s12571-015-0463-8.

Popular magazine:



BOREL, BROOKE. "THE RISE Of The INCREDIBLE, EDIBLE! INSECT." Popular Science 286.5 (2015): 44-49. Web. 20 Oct. 2016.

Trade journal:

Restaurant Business


"Insects As The Food Of The Future.Candy Industry 179.8 (2014): 47. Retrieved: 20 Oct. 2016.


What is an article? A journal?

  • Example of an online journal and articles
  • Print journals look like this...


Megido, Rudy Caparros, et al. "Consumer acceptance of insect-based alternative meat products in Western countries." Food Quality and Preference 52 (2016): 237-243.

popular article example

Mirsky, S. "For Dessert, May I Recommend the Buglava?" Scientific American, 311.3 (2014): 96. Web. 8 May 2017.

Burdg, Jessica. "Are Insects The Protein Of The Future?" Laboratory Equipment 52.9 (2016): 22-23. Web. 20 Oct. 2016.


Check bibliographies / reference lists of useful articles or books to trace their sources.

Popular or trade sources may mention academic studies or researchers that you can look up.

Check Google Scholar to see if a useful book or article has been cited by other, more recent, publications.

Library > find > Google Scholar (VIU access)

Google Scholar Search
VIU Footer