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Chem 231/232: Organic Chemistry I & II

nomenclature, properties, organic structure, preparations & reactions, reaction mechanisms, aromatic compounds, aliphatic compounds, etc.

Citations - Why do we have to cite?

When writing a paper, you need to cite the sources you discuss in two different ways:

  1. In-text Citations

This is when you are discussing another researcher’s ideas or information and you need to indicate where you found this information.Otherwise, it is considered to be an act of plagiarism in which it appears that you are passing off someone else’s work as your own.

  1. Full Citations

Once you’ve finished writing your paper, you need to create
a Reference List which goes at the end of your paper.  In it you will
provide the full citations of all the sources you mentioned in your
paper, as in-text citations.  The number of in-text citations should
match the number of full citations listed in your Reference List at
the end of your paper.

 

When writing a full citation for your Reference list, include all the following information, when available (e.g. there may not be a volume or an issue provided):

 

Author/s

          Márcio Carocho, Maria Filomena Barreiro, Patricia Morale, and Isabel C.F.R. Ferreira

 

Year Published

           2014

 

Title of Article

          Adding Molecules to Food, Pros and Cons: A Review on Synthetic and Natural Food

          Additives

 

Title of Journal

           Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety

Volume

Vol. 13

Issue

           4

Pages

          343-399

ACS Style Guide

The ACS Style Guide (American Chemistry Society) is the primary style guide
used to cite reference resources in research papers in Chemistry.

One print copy of this style guide is on On Reserve at the Library’s Service Desk

Call Number    QD 8.5 A25 2006  (3rd ed.)            (3 day loan)

A second copy of the style guide is in the library stacks on the 4th floor.

 

The following resources link to online guides for the ACS style:

Journal Title Abbreviations & Acronyms

In-Text Citations - in ACS style

Although the ACS addresses 4 styles of in-text citing, your VIU Chemistry instructors request  that you use the superscript style.  Two examples are provided below.

 

Example #1.

Controversy continues regarding the use of synthetic additives, such as propyl gallate, for food preservation.  With current food trends moving to natural products Carocho et al.5 suggest that natural additives will gain in usage over synthetic forms, not only for their health benefits but also for their antimicrobial and antioxidant effects.

 

 In the example above, the first sentence in the paragraph is common knowledge and therefore doesn’t require    being cited.

 Controversy continues regarding the use of synthetic additives, such as propyl gallate, for food  preservation. 

 However, the second sentence in this paragraph is information that has been provided by the authors of the    research paper you are citing; therefore, you must paraphrase their information and then acknowledge where this information came from.

With current food trends moving to natural products Carocho et al.5 suggest that natural additives will gain in usage over synthetic forms, not only for their health benefits but also for their antimicrobial and antioxidant effects.

 

Example #2.

Controversy continues regarding the use of synthetic additives, such as propyl gallate, for food preservation.  With current food trends moving to natural products researchers suggest that natural additives will gain in usage over synthetic forms, not only for their health benefits but also for their antimicrobial and antioxidant effects.5

 

In the second example above, the authors’ names are not used; however their information is still paraphrased and then acknowledged by the superscript referenced at the end of the sentence.

 

Full Citation - Citing a journal article from an online database

The following is an example of an ACS citation in a Reference List, using an electronic journal article located in an online database:

 

Carocho, M.; Barreiro M.F.; Morales, P.; Ferreira, I.C.F.R.. Adding Molecules to
      Food, Pros and Cons: A Review on Synthetic and Natural Food Additives.
      Compr. Rev. Food Sci. Food Saf. [Online] 2014, 13 (4), 377-399. Wiley Online.
      http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
(accessed Jan 13, 2016).

Citation Management Software/Tools

Students can use this software to manage and format their research citations (e.g. from journal articles & books) which must be listed at the end of each research paper (Bibliography/Reference List).

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