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Annotated Bibliographies

Chicago Formatting Guidelines

Example Chicago Entry

The example below is an entry in annotated bibliography that:

  • uses Chicago Author-Date formatting
  • summarizes a journal article
  • evaluates the source
  • explains why the article is significant or useful to the student's assignment

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Chowdhury, Tufayel A., Darren M. Scott, and Pavlos S. Kanaroglou. 2013. "Urban Form and Commuting

        Efficiency: A Comparative Analysis Across Time and Space." Urban Studies 50 (1): 191-207.

        Chowdhury, Scott, and Kanaroglou examine the relationship between the form of a city and the

        efficiency of commuting. The study compared commuting efficiency rates in three Canadian cities:

        Halifax, Nova Scotia; Hamilton, Ontario; and Vancouver, British Columbia. Amongst their conclusions,

        Chowdhury, Scott, and Kanaroglou state that even though commuting is generally more efficient in

        cities where there is a balanced jobs-to-housing distribution, this may not be the case with Vancouver:

        even though people in Vancouver may live closer to their workplaces than in Halifax, their commute

        has not decreased. The article covers new ground in that it uses an alternative approach--specifically,

        a modified form of a quantitative methodology known as Brotchie's triangle. The authors claim that this

        approach provides a way to look at a city's commuting patterns with respect to urban form, but they also

        admit that it may not be the best measure of comparing the distance between jobs and housing. This

        article is quite useful in my assignment as it provides a clear contrast to the article by Hodson and

        Vannini, who have used a qualitiative, ethnographically-based strategy to explore the lives of a specific

        set of British Columbia commuters.

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