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DENH 255: Dental Sciences II: List of Dental Medications

drugs, origins and properties, pharmaceuticals, pharmacology, drug effects, drug interactions, naturopathic supplements,

Dental Medications

Antibiotics

amoxicillin (Apo-Amoxi)

amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid/clavulanate (Augmentin)

ampicillin (Novo-Ampicillin)

azithromycin (Zithromax)

bacitracin (Baciguent)

cefazolin

cefixime (Suprax)

ceftriaxone (Rocephin)

cephadrine

cephalexin (Keflex)

chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)

chlorhexidine gluconate (Hibidil; Peridex)

ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

clarithromycin (Biaxin)

clindamycin (Apo-Clindamycin)

dicloxacillin (Dycill)

doxycline hyclate (Atridox, Arestin)

erythromycin (Apo Erythro Base)

gentamycin

metronidazole (Flagyl)

minocycline (Arestin)

neomycin (Neo-Fradin)

penicillin G (Bicillin)

penicillin V

penicillin V potassium (Apo-Pen VK)

rifampin (TB medication, Rifadin)

streptomycin

tetracycline (Apo-Tetra)

vancomycin (PMS-Vancomycin)

 

 

Antifungals

amphotericin B (Fungizone)

clotrimazole (Canesten)

fluconazole (Diflucan)

flucytosine (Ancobon)

griseofulvin (Grifulvin V)

itraconazole (Sporanox)

ketoconazole (Apo-Ketoconazole,  Nizoral)

miconazole (Monistat)

nystatin (PMS-Nystatin)

 

 

Antivirals

acyclovir (Zovirax)

docosanol (Abreva)

famciclovir (Famvir)

foscarnet (Foscavir)

penciclovir (Denavir)

valacyclovir (Valtrex)

 

Analgesics

acetaminophen (Tylenol)

aspirin (Bufferin)

celecoxib (Celebrex)

codeine (Codeine Contin)

fentanyl (Duragesic)

gabapentin (Neurontin)

hydrocodone plus acetaminophen (Lorcet)

hydromorpone (Dilaudid-HP)

ibuprofen (Advil)

levorphanol

meperidine (Demerol)

methadone (Metadol)

morphine (MS Contin)

naloxone (Narcan) – NOTE: this is an opioid antagonist (therefore reverses action of opioids)

naproxen sodium (Aleve)

oxycodone (OxyContin)

pentazocine (Talwin)

pregablalin (Lyrica)

tramadol (Tridural; Ultram)

 

 

Local Anesthetics

articaine (Septocaine)

benzocaine (Solarcaine)

bupivacaine (Marcaine)

cocaine

lidocaine (Xylocaine)

mepivacaine (Polocaine, Carbocaine)

prilocaine hydrochloride (Xylocaine; Oraquix)

prilocaine - lidocaine combination (Oraqix)

prilocaine (Citanest)

procaine (Novocain)

tetracaine (Pontocaine)

 

 

ANS Drugs - Adrenergic Agonists

albuterol (Ventolin)

amphetamine

clondine (Catapres)

ephedrine

epinephrine (Adrenalin)

oxymetazoline (Afrin, Otrivin)

phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine)

pseudophedrine (Sudafed

 

ANS Drugs - Adrenergic Antagonists (Blockers)

atenolol (Tenormin)

guanethidine

isoproterenol (Isuprel)

propranolol (Inderal)

reserpine

 

 

ANS Drugs - Cholinergic Agonists

bethanechol (Urecholine)

donepezil (Aracept)

neostigmine

physostigmine

pilocarpine (Salagen)

pyridostigmine (Mestinon)

tacrine (Cognex)

 

 

ANS Drugs - Cholinergic Antagonists (Anti-Cholinergics)

atropine (Isopto Atropine)

methantheline (Banthine)

propantheline (Pro-Banthine)

scopolamine (Buscopan)

succinylcholine (Quelicin)

tubocurarine

 

 

Corticosteroids

amlexanox (Aphthasol)

beclomethasone (QVAR)

clobestasol (Temovate)

dapsone

dexamethasone (Apo-Dexamethasone)

fluocinonide (Lidex)

hydrocortisone

methylprednisolone

prednisolone

prednisone

triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog)

valerate (Betatrex)

 

 

General Anesthetics

desflurane (volatile liquid →gas)

diethyl ether

enflurane (volatile liquid →gas)

etomidate (intravenous) (Amidate)

halothane (volatile liquid →gas)

isoflurane(volatile liquid →gas)

ketamine (intravenous induction agent) (Ketalar)

methohexital (intravenous induction agent)

propofol (intravenous) (Diprivan)

sevoflurane (volatile liquid →gas)

thiopental (intravenous induction agent) (Pentothal)

 

Sedatives

chloral hydrate

diazepam (Valium)

flumazenil (Anexate) NOTE: this is a benzodiazepine antagonist (works to block action of diazepam, midazolam, lorazepam

lorazepam (Ativan)

midazolam (Apo-Midazolam)

nitrous oxide

olanzapine

phenobarbital (Luminal) – also anti-epileptic

 

 

Cardiac Drugs (includes anticoagulants, cholesterol-lowering, anti-hypertensives)

amlopidine –atorvastatin (Caduet)

atenolol

atorvastatin (Lipitor)

clopidrogrel (Plavix)

colestipol (Colestid)

digoxin (Apo-Digoxin; Lanoxin)

dipyridamole (Persantine)

disopyramide

furosemide (Lasix)

gemfibrozil (Colestid)

heparin (Hepalean)

hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDIURIL)

lidocaine

lisinopril

lovastatin (Mevacor)

lovastatin (Mevacor)

nifedipine (Procardia)

Nitroglycerin  (Minitran; Nitro-Dur)

phenytoin

procainamide

quinidine

sildenafil (Viagra)

simvastatin (Zocor)

tadalafil (Cialis)

vardenafil (Levitra)

vermapil

warfarin (Apo-Warfarin, Coumadin)

Dental Medications - continued ...

 

Endocrine Drugs

alendroate (Fosamax)

etidronate (Didronel)

glipizide

ibandronate (Boniva)

levothryoxine (Synthroid; Levothroid)

levothyroxine (Eltroxin)

metformin

methimazole (Tapazole)

pamidronate (Aredia)

propylthiouracil

risedronate (Actonel)

teriparatide (Forteo)

tiludronate (SKelid)

zoledronate (Zometa; Reclast)

 

 

Gastrointestinal Drugs

Aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel)

Calcium carbonate (Tums)

cholestyramine (Questran)

cimetidine (Ranitidine, Tagamet, Apo-Cimetidine)

dimenhydrinate (Gravol)

diphenoxylate

famotidine (Pepcid AC)

lansoprazole (Prevacid)

loperamide (Imodium) NOTE: this is an opioid but does not have any euphoric effect

Magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)

metoclopramide (Reglan)

misoprostol

omeprazole (Prilosec)

pantoprazole (Pantoloc)

Pepto-Bismol

phenothiazine (Promethazine)

promethazine (Phenergan)

ranitidine (Zantac)

tegaserod maleate (Zelnorm)

 

 

Respiratory Drugs

albuterol (Ventolin)

aminophylline

cromolyn sodium (NasalCrom)

dextromethorpan

guaifenesin

ipratropium bromide (Atrovent)

isoniazid (INH)

ketorolac (Toradol)

montelukast (Singular)

theophylline (Theo-Dur)

tiotroprium bromide (Spiriva)

zafirlukast (Accolate)

 

 

Preservatives

Methylparaben

Propylparaben

 

 

Antihistamines

diphenhydramine (Benadryl)

loratadine (Claritin)

 

 

Anti-Neoplasia and Immunosuppressants

azathioprine

cyclosporine (Sand-Immune)

methotrexate

vinblastine

vincristine (Vincristine Sulfate)

 

 

Anti-depressants; Anti-psychotics

amitryptylline (Elavil)

bupropion (Wellbutrin)

carbamazepine

chlordiazepoxide (Librium)

chlorpromazine (Thorazine)

clonazepam

desipramine

imipramine (Tofranil)

lithium (Eskalith)

loxapine

maprotiline (Ludiomil)

mirtazapine

paroxetine (Paxil)

phenelzine (Nardil)

risperidone

sertraline (Zoloft)

trazodone (Desyrel)

tricyclic amoxapine (Asendin)

valproate

venlafaxine (Effexor)

 

 

Anticonvulsants

carbamazepine (Tegretol)

ethosuximide

lithium (Apo-Lithium)

phenytoin (Dilantin)

valproic acid (Depakote)

 

Natural Health Products

Acemannan

Aconite

Aconite

Aloe vera

Arnica

Cascara sagrada- laxative

Chamomile

Chondroitin

Chromium

Cinnamon

Coenzyme Q10

Dandelion - laxative

Dong quai

Echinacea

Echinacea

Garlic

Garlic

Ginger

Ginkgo biloba

Ginseng

Glucomannan

Glucosamine

Goldenseal

Green tea

Guarana

Guarana – (energy drinks)

Hawthorn

Hawthorn

Horsetail rush

Licorice root

Ma-huang

Ma-huang (Ephedra sinica)

Oil of anise

Oil of cloves

Periploca

Red raspberry

Sanquinarine

Saw palmetto

Senna –laxative

Spirulina

St John’s wort

Tea tree oil

Triclosan

Valerian

Vitamin E

White willow

Xylitol

 

 

 

Topical Agents

Acidulated phosphate fluoride

Amorphous calcium phosphate

Chlorhexidine gluconate (Peridex)

Potassium nitrate

Sodium fluoride

Sodium laurel sulfate

Stannous fluoride

Triclosan

Xylitol

Thymol

Menthol

Eucalyptol

 

 

Parkinson’s disease drugs

benzotropine (Cogentin)

bromocriptine (Parlodel)

carbidopa-levodopa

 

 

Alzheimer’s disease drugs

donepezil (Aricept)

galantamine (Razadyne)

memantine (Namenda)

rivastigmine (Exelon)

 

 

Vasoconstrictors

epinephrine (Adrenalin, Epi E-Z Pen)

 

 

Other

thalidomide (Thalomid)

cevimeline (Evoxac)

 

 

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